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The Stangate at Crosby Lodge

A Scheduled Monument in Stanwix Rural, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.9288 / 54°55'43"N

Longitude: -2.8544 / 2°51'15"W

OS Eastings: 345343.973982

OS Northings: 559683.132125

OS Grid: NY453596

Mapcode National: GBR 8CHF.TY

Mapcode Global: WH7ZY.4C0V

Entry Name: The Stangate at Crosby Lodge

Scheduled Date: 6 December 1961

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007158

English Heritage Legacy ID: CU 286

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Stanwix Rural

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Crosby-on-Eden St John the Evangelist

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Summary

The Stanegate Roman Road, 150m north west of Crosby Lodge.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 23 March 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes the remains of a 230m long section of Roman road, situated on level ground. The road was discovered during an excavation in 1935. It measures 6.4m in width and includes a slight cambered embankment, or agger, flanked by two ditches. The monument lies within the Hadrian’s Wall World Heritage Site.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Roman roads were artificially made-up routes introduced to Britain by the Roman army from c.AD 43. They facilitated both the conquest of the province and its subsequent administration. Their main purpose was to serve the Cursus Publicus, or Imperial mail service. Express messengers could travel up to 150 miles per day on the network of Roman roads throughout Britain and Europe, changing horses at wayside 'mutationes' (posting stations set every 8 miles on major roads) and stopping overnight at 'mansiones' (rest houses located every 20-25 miles). In addition, throughout the Roman period and later, Roman roads acted as commercial routes and became foci for settlement and industry. Mausolea were sometimes built flanking roads during the Roman period while, in the Anglian and medieval periods, Roman roads often served as property boundaries. Although a number of roads fell out of use soon after the withdrawal of Rome from the province in the fifth century AD, many have continued in use down to the present day and are consequently sealed beneath modern roads. On the basis of construction technique, two main types of Roman road are distinguishable. The first has widely spaced boundary ditches and a broad elaborate agger comprising several layers of graded materials. The second usually has drainage ditches and a narrow simple agger of two or three successive layers. In addition to ditches and construction pits flanking the sides of the road, features of Roman roads can include central stone ribs, kerbs and culverts, not all of which will necessarily be contemporary with the original construction of the road. With the exception of the extreme south- west of the country, Roman roads are widely distributed throughout England and extend into Wales and lowland Scotland. They are highly representative of the period of Roman administration and provide important evidence of Roman civil engineering skills as well as the pattern of Roman conquest and settlement. A high proportion of examples exhibiting good survival are considered to be worthy of protection.

The Stanegate Roman Road, 150m north west of Crosby Lodge is preserved as a slight earthwork and excavation has indicated that it contains archaeological deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment. The monument provides insight into the importance of transport and communication during the Roman occupation of Britain.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 1328615

Source: Historic England

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