Ancient Monuments

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Aqueduct, 328m south east of Aqueduct Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Wirksworth, Derbyshire

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Latitude: 53.0962 / 53°5'46"N

Longitude: -1.5239 / 1°31'26"W

OS Eastings: 431976.370431

OS Northings: 355554.321253

OS Grid: SK319555

Mapcode National: GBR 6BN.ZFJ

Mapcode Global: WHCDW.KFJP

Entry Name: Aqueduct, 328m south east of Aqueduct Cottage

Scheduled Date: 14 February 1977

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007025

English Heritage Legacy ID: DR 244

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Wirksworth

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Dethick St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: Derby


This monument includes the standing remains of an aqueduct, known as the Buxton to Matlock railway aqueduct, dating to the 19th century. The aqueduct carries the Cromford Canal over the Manchester to Buxton and Matlock railway, and survives as a standing structure. It comprises of an iron trough carried on stone abutments, with a cast iron balustrade on the south side. The railway was formed in 1845 and surveyed by Stephenson, and completed in 1849.
The aqueduct lies within the buffer zone of the Derwent Mills World Heritage Site.

PastScape Monument No:- 1037368 (canal), 313920 (aqueduct), 1366106 (railway)
NMR:- Linear 81 (canal), SK35NW18 (aqueduct), Linear 1069 (railway)
World Heritage Site:- 12
Derbyshire HER:- 9726

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The canal network was largely in place by the 1830s. Aqueducts are the most spectacular of all canal structures, displaying both high architectural quality and technological innovation in the form of cast-iron troughs. The Cromford Canal ran 23.3km from Cromford to the Erewash Canal at Langley Mill. The canal opened in 1794. The Manchester to Buxton and Matlock railway was cut through the canal and as such the aqueduct was formed to carry the Cromford canal over the railway.
The aqueduct is an important feature along the Cromford canal and the Manchester to Matlock and Buxton railway. It is well preserved and retains information relating to its construction and use, its association with the railway and the local industries that both the canal and rail systems served. It will add to our knowledge and understanding of post-medieval engineering, communications, transport and industry. Its interest is enhanced by the position of the aqueduct within the Derwent Mills World Heritage site of contemporary date.

Source: Historic England

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