Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Gallows Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Lydford, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6476 / 50°38'51"N

Longitude: -4.106 / 4°6'21"W

OS Eastings: 251205.07799

OS Northings: 85222.96511

OS Grid: SX512852

Mapcode National: GBR NY.8F6B

Mapcode Global: FRA 279C.66D

Entry Name: Gallows Hill

Scheduled Date: 30 August 1922

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007020

English Heritage Legacy ID: DV 16

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Lydford

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Lydford St Petroc

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Summary

Bowl barrow known as Gallows Hill, 210m WNW of Lydford County Primary School.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 19 October 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes a bowl barrow situated towards the summit of a south facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Lyd. It stands at the northern end of Lydford and survives as a circular flat topped mound, measuring 35m in diameter and up to 2.1m high. The surrounding quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived, survives as a buried feature measuring up to 4m wide.

The name of the barrow is derived from a local tradition stating it was the site of the Lydford Gallows.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. The bowl barrow known as Gallows Hill survives well and will contain both archaeological and environmental information relating to the mound and its surrounding landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 440561

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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