Ancient Monuments

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Trevarnon Round

A Scheduled Monument in Gwinear-Gwithian, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.2122 / 50°12'43"N

Longitude: -5.383 / 5°22'58"W

OS Eastings: 158735.234409

OS Northings: 40165.536623

OS Grid: SW587401

Mapcode National: GBR FX23.YY2

Mapcode Global: VH12G.NX3P

Entry Name: Trevarnon Round

Scheduled Date: 29 October 1957

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1006696

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 131

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Gwinear-Gwithian

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Phillack

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a round, situated on a low coastal ridge overlooking Upton Towans and St Ives Bay. The round survives as an oval enclosure defined by a rampart and outer ditch preserved largely as buried features, but with a length of bank up to 2m high to the north west and as a scarp to the south west. Its original extent may be indicated by the surrounding curving field boundaries which might represent an outer line of defences. Reported finds from the round include a cannon ball and some copper coins of uncertain date.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-425119

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall, where many more examples may await discovery. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. Despite significant reduction in the height of the ramparts through cultivation, Trevarnon Round survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, function, agricultural practices, trade, potential industrial activity, trade, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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