Ancient Monuments

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The Battle Stone, 650m WNW of Yeavering Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Kirknewton, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.567 / 55°34'1"N

Longitude: -2.1127 / 2°6'45"W

OS Eastings: 392990.083823

OS Northings: 630380.111481

OS Grid: NT929303

Mapcode National: GBR F4P2.D6

Mapcode Global: WH9ZG.JB5K

Entry Name: The Battle Stone, 650m WNW of Yeavering Farm

Scheduled Date: 20 July 1933

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1006562

English Heritage Legacy ID: ND 158

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Kirknewton

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Kirknewton St Gregory

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes a standing stone of Neolithic/Bronze Age date, situated on flat ground overlooked to the south by Yeavering Bell. The stone stands approximately 2.3m above the surrounding ground level. The stone fell in 1890 and was re-erected in 1924. The name of the stone derives from a traditional association with the victory by Sir Robert Umfreville over the Scots at Geteryne in 1415, however, its form and position suggests that it is a prehistoric standing stone. The standing stone is in alignment with the opposed entrances of Old Yeavering Henge, which is preserved as a cropmark and lies 150m to the WNW.

SOURCES
PastScape Monument No:- 3938
NMR:- NT93SW40
Northumberland HER:- 2016

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs, ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds. Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones, which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways, territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds. Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age. Consequently all undisturbed standing stones and those which represent the main range of types and locations would normally be considered to be of national importance.
In addition to being a prehistoric monument, the Battle Stone has historical connections with an important battle. Taken together with Yeavering Bell hillfort, the site of Old Yeavering Anglo-Saxon township and Old Yeavering Henge, the Battle Stone forms an important part of a multi-period landscape from the Late Neoltihic through to the medieval period.

Source: Historic England

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