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Round cairn known as Pixie's Mound

A Scheduled Monument in Stogursey, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2039 / 51°12'14"N

Longitude: -3.1335 / 3°8'0"W

OS Eastings: 320907.683913

OS Northings: 145575.345436

OS Grid: ST209455

Mapcode National: GBR LZ.4KYT

Mapcode Global: VH6GL.MZTZ

Entry Name: Round cairn known as Pixie's Mound

Scheduled Date: 30 November 1925

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1006226

English Heritage Legacy ID: SO 28

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Stogursey

Built-Up Area: Hinkley Point Power Station

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes a round cairn situated at the summit of a low coastal hill, overlooking Bridgwater Bay at Hinkley Point. The barrow survives as a circular mound measuring up to 27m in diameter and 1.7m high. The barrow was excavated by Harold St George Gray in 1907. It had been subject to early partial excavation and cultivation during the 19th century when it produced human bones on at least three separate occasions before the 1913 excavation. This excavation revealed a two-phase burial structure with a central primary mound defined by a drystone retaining kerb up to 1.1m high with a diameter of approximately 9m . Thiswas subsequently enlarged to a diameter of approximately 25m by the addition of large quantities of stone with some sizeable individual blocks. The central area had been previously disturbed by the early excavations and Roman pottery was found amidst the disturbed backfilled material, along with large quantities of fragmentary human bone. Some 0.4m beneath the surface was a mass of mixed bones from at least six individuals, five adults and a child. Three undisturbed secondary crouched inhumations each accompanied by a beaker were found in the cairn. One was also accompanied by a flint dagger and a flint knife and another by a group of flints including four scrapers. Other finds included pottery sherds possibly of Neolithic date. The cairn is known locally by several names including 'Wick Barrow' and 'Burrow Sidwell'. Local traditions claim the pixies dance here at night and if the mound is removed during daylight it will be replaced overnight.

Sources: HER:-34063
PastScape Monument No:-191177

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Much is already known about this particular cairn which will retain further archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, re-use and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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