Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow on Roosthitchen

A Scheduled Monument in Exmoor, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1463 / 51°8'46"N

Longitude: -3.8285 / 3°49'42"W

OS Eastings: 272192.072284

OS Northings: 140150.673037

OS Grid: SS721401

Mapcode National: GBR L1.83XV

Mapcode Global: VH4MP.LGC2

Entry Name: Round barrow on Roosthitchen

Scheduled Date: 1 March 1968

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1006164

English Heritage Legacy ID: SO 370

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Exmoor

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Summary

Round cairn 440m south west of Goat Hill Bridge.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 20 August 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes a round cairn situated on a prominent north east facing slopes of a ridge called Roosthitchen overlooking the valley of the River Barle. The cairn survives as a circular stony mound of approximately 18m in diameter and 0.9m high.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the other two areas, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of Exmoor monuments. However, survey work has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later prehistoric period, examples including stone settings, stone alignments, standing stones, and burial mounds (barrows or cairns). Round cairns are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as rubble mounds which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries, and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Over 370 barrows or cairns, varying in diameter from 2m to 35m, have been recorded on Exmoor, with many of these found on or close to the summits of the three east-west ridges which cross the moor - the southern escarpment, the central ridge, and the northern ridge. Individual cairns and groups may also be found on lower lying ground and hillslopes. Those which occupy prominent locations form a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their longevity as a monument type can provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. The round cairn 440m south west of Goat Hill Bridge will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-35336

Source: Historic England

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