Ancient Monuments

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Wadbury camp

A Scheduled Monument in Mells, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2395 / 51°14'22"N

Longitude: -2.3774 / 2°22'38"W

OS Eastings: 373747.295742

OS Northings: 148988.533102

OS Grid: ST737489

Mapcode National: GBR 0S6.CQ3

Mapcode Global: VH97C.R30N

Entry Name: Wadbury camp

Scheduled Date: 20 March 1968

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1006162

English Heritage Legacy ID: SO 368

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Mells

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Summary

Slight univallate hillfort called Wadbury Camp.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 18 August 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes a slight univallate hillfort situated on the summit of a prominent ridge to the north of and overlooking the steep valley of the Mells Stream known as the Wadbury Valley. The hillfort survives as an elongated oval enclosure defined by a single rampart, outer ditch and counterscarp bank which are preserved differentially on all except the western side where the steep natural cliff forms the defences. At best the rampart measures up to 3m high, but has been cut in places by later buildings and quarries.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Slight univallate hillforts are defined as enclosures of various shapes, generally between 1ha and 10ha in size, situated on or close to hilltops and defined by a single line of earthworks, the scale of which is relatively small. They date to between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth - fifth centuries BC), the majority being used for 150 to 200 years prior to their abandonment or reconstruction. Slight univallate hillforts have generally been interpreted as stock enclosures, redistribution centres, places of refuge and permanent settlements. The earthworks generally include a rampart, narrow level berm, external ditch and counterscarp bank, while access to the interior is usually provided by two entrances comprising either simple gaps in the earthwork or an inturned rampart. Postholes revealed by excavation indicate the occasional presence of portal gateways while more elaborate features like overlapping ramparts and outworks are limited to only a few examples. Internal features included timber or stone round houses; large storage pits and hearths; scattered postholes, stakeholes and gullies; and square or rectangular buildings supported by four to six posts, often represented by postholes, and interpreted as raised granaries. Slight univallate hillforts are rare with around 150 examples recorded nationally. Although on a national scale the number is low, in neighbouring Devon they comprise one of the major classes of hillfort. They are relatively rare and are important for understanding the transition between Bronze Age and Iron Age communities. Despite some quarrying and building, the slight univallate hillfort called Wadbury survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-202772

Source: Historic England

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