Ancient Monuments

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Two barrows north west of Little Down

A Scheduled Monument in Durnford, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1356 / 51°8'8"N

Longitude: -1.8106 / 1°48'38"W

OS Eastings: 413346.257849

OS Northings: 137385.84568

OS Grid: SU133373

Mapcode National: GBR 50F.R1Z

Mapcode Global: VHB5J.KQNB

Entry Name: Two barrows NW of Little Down

Scheduled Date: 3 March 1927

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1005678

English Heritage Legacy ID: WI 188

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Durnford

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Woodford Valley with Archers Gate

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Summary

Two bowl barrows 405m SSW of Strathavon Farmhouse.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 25 June 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records. As such they do not yet have the full descriptions of their modernised counterparts available. Please contact us if you would like further information.

This monument, which falls into two areas, includes two bowl barrows situated on the summit of the steeply sloping southern valley side of the River Avon. The barrows survive as circular mounds surrounded by visible quarry ditches from which the construction material was derived. Both mounds measure approximately 18m in diameter, 1.5m high and are surrounded by 4m wide ditches of up to 0.7m deep. Both have central excavation hollows and both were the subject of partial excavation by Duke in 1731-2. One barrow produced two secondary urned cremations and the other an inhumation with a spear head. The latter might have been Bronze Age or Anglo-Saxon in date it is not clear from the report which also does not clearly indicate which of the barrows produced which finds.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite partial early excavation, which served to establish differences in burial practices between the barrows they will contain further archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape 218265 and 1461386
Wiltshire HER SU13NW645 and SU13NW646

Source: Historic England

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