Ancient Monuments

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Earthworks on Marlborough Common

A Scheduled Monument in Marlborough, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.4246 / 51°25'28"N

Longitude: -1.7323 / 1°43'56"W

OS Eastings: 418707.994837

OS Northings: 169547.09491

OS Grid: SU187695

Mapcode National: GBR 4X2.LVK

Mapcode Global: VHB46.XGK7

Entry Name: Earthworks on Marlborough Common

Scheduled Date: 18 May 1951

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1005635

English Heritage Legacy ID: WI 322

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Marlborough

Built-Up Area: Marlborough

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire


Enclosure 800m south-west of Poulton House.

Source: Historic England


This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 2 July 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records. As such they do not yet have the full descriptions of their modernised counterparts available. Please contact us if you would like further information.

This monument includes an enclosure situated on the gentle south east facing slopes of Marlborough Common overlooking the confluence of the Rivers Kennet and Og. The enclosure survives as a trapezoidal area measuring up to a maximum 81.3m long by 64.7m wide and covering approximately 0.47 ha defined by a low bank of up to 0.8m high with a largely backfilled outer ditch and slight partial counterscarp bank. It was partially excavated by Cunnington who retrieved Romano-British pottery although the exact date and function of the enclosure remained unclear. It has long been believed to be a medieval bowling green which documents record as being renovated in 1624 and is known as such locally.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The sport of bowling has a long established tradition and is well documented and forms an important part of the history of England and its folklore, for example the famous game on Plymouth Hoe which was concluded before Drake set sail to defeat the Spanish Armada. It has a long established social tradition today with many local parks retaining the bowling greens. This early example is thought to be medieval in origin and is known from documents to have received relatively early restoration. Given its position on the edge of a common the other alternative interpretation for the enclosure 800m south west of Poulton House could be an animal pound but there does not appear to be any known documentation to substantiate this suggestion.

Source: Historic England


PastScape 220508
Wiltshire HER SU16NE601

Source: Historic England

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