Ancient Monuments

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Woodland Down ditch

A Scheduled Monument in Alvediston, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.011 / 51°0'39"N

Longitude: -2.0639 / 2°3'49"W

OS Eastings: 395613.693292

OS Northings: 123516.398034

OS Grid: ST956235

Mapcode National: GBR 2Z0.F1Y

Mapcode Global: FRA 66KF.XCZ

Entry Name: Woodland Down ditch

Scheduled Date: 16 December 1968

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1005617

English Heritage Legacy ID: WI 402

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Alvediston

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Berwick St John St John

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Summary

Part of a cross ridge dyke 640m north east of Woodlands.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 16 September 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes part of a cross ridge dyke situated on the upper north east facing slopes of the prominent ridge called Woodlands Down overlooking a steep dry valley and the valley of a tributary to the River Ebble. The cross ridge dyke survives as a ditch of approximately 220m long, 9m wide and 2.5m deep with an accompanying north eastern bank of up to 7m wide and 1.8m high. It marks the parish boundary between Alvediston and Berwick St John. Its exact date and function are unclear but it is thought it may have originally connected with similar features on White Sheet Hill.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Cranborne Chase is an area of chalkland well known for its high number, density and diversity of archaeological remains. These include a rare combination of Neolithic and Early Bronze Age sites, comprising one of the largest concentrations of burial monuments in England, the largest known cursus (a linear ritual monument) and a significant number and range of henge monuments (Late Neolithic ceremonial centres). Other important remains include a variety of enclosures, settlements, field systems and linear boundaries which date throughout prehistory and into the Romano-British and medieval periods. This high level of survival of archaeological remains is due largely to the later history of the Chase. Cranborne Chase formed a Royal Hunting Ground from at least Norman times, and much of the archaeological survival within the area resulted from associated laws controlling land-use which applied until 1830. The unique archaeological character of the Chase has attracted much attention over the years, notably during the later 19th century, by the pioneering work on the Chase of General Pitt-Rivers, Sir Richard Colt Hoare and Edward Cunnington, often regarded as the fathers of British archaeology. Archaeological investigations have continued throughout the 20th century and to the present day. Cross ridge dykes are substantial linear earthworks typically between 0.2km long and 1km long, comprising one or more ditches arranged beside and parallel to one or more banks. They generally occur in upland situations, running across ridges and spurs. They are recognised as earthworks or as cropmarks on aerial photographs, or as a combination of both. The evidence of excavation and analogy with associated monuments demonstrates that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been reused later. Current information favours the view that they were used as territorial boundary markers, probably demarcating land allotment within communities, although they may also have been used as trackways, cattle droveways or defensive earthworks. Cross ridge dykes occur across Cranborne Chase and are one of the few monument types which illustrate how land was divided up in the prehistoric period. They are of considerable importance for any analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. Very few examples have survived to the present day nationally and all well-preserved examples are considered to be of national importance. The number of well-preserved examples within Cranborne Chase is particularly notable. The part of a cross ridge dyke 640m north east of Woodlands survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, date, function, maintenance, longevity, social and territorial significance and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape 210500, Wiltshire HER ST92SE625

Source: Historic England

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