Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 625m south of Greystone Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Otterham, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.668 / 50°40'4"N

Longitude: -4.6086 / 4°36'30"W

OS Eastings: 215756.788705

OS Northings: 88615.191484

OS Grid: SX157886

Mapcode National: GBR N7.7B1F

Mapcode Global: FRA 1779.NF1

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 625m south of Greystone Farm

Scheduled Date: 29 August 1974

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1005465

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 924

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Otterham

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Davidstow

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas of protection, includes two bowl barrows, situated on the summit of a prominent ridge forming the watershed between tributaries to the Rivers Inny, Ottery and Camel. The barrows survive as circular mounds surrounded by buried quarry ditches, from which their construction material was derived. The western barrow measures 19.5m in diameter and 0.6m high.

The eastern barrow is 26m in diameter and 1.7m high and has a flat top. This barrow lies in a coppice which was referred to as 'Swinebarrow Land' on the Tithe Map, but the name is no longer in use.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-434085 and 434082

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite reduction in the height of one of the mounds through past cultivation, the two bowl barrows 625m south of Greystone Farm survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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