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Castle Hill Camp

A Scheduled Monument in Crowle, Worcestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.1967 / 52°11'47"N

Longitude: -2.0904 / 2°5'25"W

OS Eastings: 393915.211941

OS Northings: 255384.674963

OS Grid: SO939553

Mapcode National: GBR 2HN.6B6

Mapcode Global: VH92W.Q17V

Entry Name: Castle Hill Camp

Scheduled Date: 12 March 1975

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1005354

English Heritage Legacy ID: WT 203

County: Worcestershire

Civil Parish: Crowle

Traditional County: Worcestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Worcestershire

Church of England Parish: Upton Snodsbury

Church of England Diocese: Worcester

Summary

Hillfort known as Castle Hill Camp, 510m south east of Foxmere Court.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 21 May 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records. As such they do not yet have the full descriptions of their modernised counterparts available. Please contact us if you would like further information.

This monument includes a large univallate hillfort with an annexe enclosure situated on the plateaux of a prominent hill between Bow Brook and Piddle Brook. The hillfort survives as an irregular enclosure measuring up to 340m long and 190m wide, defined by an earthen rampart and a partially buried exterior quarry ditch. An entrance is situated on the west side and a wide ditch crosses the fort. The annexe enclosure is situated at the northern end of the hillfort and is approximately 145m by 100m and is denoted by an earthen rampart approximately 1m high.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Large univallate hillforts are defined as fortified enclosures of varying shape, ranging in size between 1ha and 10ha, located on hilltops and surrounded by a single boundary comprising earthworks of massive proportions. They date to the Iron Age period, most having been constructed and used between the fourth century BC and the first century AD, although evidence for earlier use is present at most sites. The size of the earthworks reflects the ability of certain social groups to mobilise the labour necessary for works on such a monumental scale, and their function may have had as much to do with display as defence. Large univallate hillforts are also seen as centres of redistribution, both for subsistence products and items produced by craftsmen. The ramparts are of massive proportions except in locations where steepness of slope precludes easy access. They can vary between 6m and 20m wide and may survive to a height of 6m. The ditches can measure between 6m and 13m wide and between 3m and 5m deep. Access to the interior is generally provided by one or two entrances which often take the form of long passages formed by inturned ramparts and originally closed by a gate located towards the inner end of the passageway. The entrance may be flanked by guardrooms and/or accompanied by outworks. Internal features included timber or stone round houses; large storage pits and hearths; scattered postholes, stakeholes and gullies; and square or rectangular buildings supported by four to six posts, often represented by postholes, and interpreted as raised granaries. Large univallate hillforts are rare with between 50 and 100 examples recorded nationally. Most are located within southern England where they occur on the chalklands of Wessex, Sussex and Kent. The western edge of the distribution is marked by scattered examples in north Somerset and east Devon, while further examples occur in central and western England and outliers further north. Within this distribution considerable regional variation is apparent, both in their size, rampart structure and the presence or absence of individual components. In view of the rarity of large univallate hillforts and their importance in understanding the organisation and regional structure of Iron Age society, all examples with surviving archaeological remains are believed to be of national importance. Despite damage from ploughing, a line of fence posts and partial afforestation, the hillfort known as known as Castle Hill Camp survives reasonably well as earthworks and buried features. The monument will contain important archaeological information relating to the use, construction and occupation of the monument in addition to providing environmental evidence.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Hancox, E. & Russell, O. 2009, Recent Changes to Scheduled Monuments in Worcestershire. Worcestershire Historic Environment and Archaeology Service
Pastscape Monument Nos:- 118280

Source: Historic England

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