Ancient Monuments

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Sherway Bridge

A Scheduled Monument in Headcorn, Kent

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1709 / 51°10'15"N

Longitude: 0.6702 / 0°40'12"E

OS Eastings: 586761.092338

OS Northings: 144685.962543

OS Grid: TQ867446

Mapcode National: GBR QTX.G8F

Mapcode Global: VHJMW.KTNR

Entry Name: Sherway Bridge

Scheduled Date: 17 June 1980

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1005133

English Heritage Legacy ID: KE 360

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Headcorn

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent

Summary

Sherway Bridge, 312m SSW of Sherway Cottages.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 8 September 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a 17th century single-span bridge situated over the River Sherway, east of Headcorn in the Low Weald.

The bridge is constructed of ragstone with a later brick parapet. An inscribed stone on the north-west side of the bridge records that it was built by the constables of the Hundreds of Iron and Calehill in 1683. A further inscription, on the back of the stone, states that it was partly rebuilt in 1846.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Medieval and early post-medieval single span bridges are structures designed to carry a road or track over a river by means of a single arch, typically 3m-6m in span. They were constructed throughout the medieval period, most commonly using timber. Stone began to be used instead of timber in the 12th century and became increasingly common in the 14th and 15th centuries. Many medieval bridges were repaired, modified or extensively rebuilt in the post-medieval period. A common medieval feature is the presence of stone ashlar ribs underneath the arch. The bridge abutments and revetting of the river banks also form part of the bridge. Where medieval bridges have been altered in later centuries, original features are sometimes concealed behind later stonework, including remains of earlier timber bridges. Bridges were common and important features of medieval and post-medieval towns and the countryside and allowed easy access along a well developed road and trackway system.

Despite late alterations and additions, Sherway Bridge survives well with a significant amount of 17th century masonry work. Deposits buried underneath the bridge will preserve valuable artefactual, ecofactual and environmental evidence, shedding a light on the human and natural history of the site prior to the construction of the bridge.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Kent HER TQ 84 SE 9. NMR TQ 84 SE 9. PastScape 417815,

Source: Historic England

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