Ancient Monuments

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Castle Copse camp

A Scheduled Monument in Landford, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9931 / 50°59'34"N

Longitude: -1.6465 / 1°38'47"W

OS Eastings: 424905.665748

OS Northings: 121576.27644

OS Grid: SU249215

Mapcode National: GBR 63Q.QJY

Mapcode Global: FRA 76FH.BC9

Entry Name: Castle Copse camp

Scheduled Date: 13 March 1956

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004755

English Heritage Legacy ID: WI 508

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Landford

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Landford St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Summary

Slight univallate hillfort 140m north-west of Earldoms Farm.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 24 September 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes a slight univallate hillfort situated on the summit of a low hill which forms the watershed between the valleys of two tributaries to the River Blackwater. The hillfort survives as an oval enclosure covering approximately 2.3ha defined by a single rampart bank standing up to 1.5m high with an outer ditch measuring 4.5m wide and 0.9m deep with a slight counterscarp bank to the eastern side only. To the west is an out turned entrance which creates a funnel- like passage between the ramparts and this is 25m long. The outer ditch has been partially built over by road alterations on the eastern side and there has been some sand quarrying. It is also known by the local name of ‘Castle Copse Camp’.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Slight univallate hillforts are defined as enclosures of various shapes, generally between 1ha and 10ha in size, situated on or close to hilltops and defined by a single line of earthworks, the scale of which is relatively small. They date to between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth - fifth centuries BC), the majority being used for 150 to 200 years prior to their abandonment or reconstruction. Slight univallate hillforts have generally been interpreted as stock enclosures, redistribution centres, places of refuge and permanent settlements. The earthworks generally include a rampart, narrow level berm, external ditch and counterscarp bank, while access to the interior is usually provided by two entrances comprising either simple gaps in the earthwork or an inturned rampart. Postholes revealed by excavation indicate the occasional presence of portal gateways while more elaborate features like overlapping ramparts and outworks are limited to only a few examples. Internal features included timber or stone round houses; large storage pits and hearths; scattered postholes, stakeholes and gullies; and square or rectangular buildings supported by four to six posts, often represented by postholes, and interpreted as raised granaries. Slight univallate hillforts are rare with around 150 examples recorded nationally. Although on a national scale the number is low, in Devon they comprise one of the major classes of hillfort. In other areas where the distribution is relatively dense, for example, Wessex, Sussex, the Cotswolds and the Chilterns, hillforts belonging to a number of different classes occur within the same region. Examples are also recorded in eastern England, the Welsh Marches, central and southern England. They are rare and important for understanding the transition between Bronze Age and Iron Age communities. Despite past tree growth and road building activities the slight univallate hillfort 140m north west of Earldoms Farm survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial, economic and strategic significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape 223137
Wiltshire HER SU22SW603

Source: Historic England

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