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Barrow south of Wansdyke

A Scheduled Monument in Stanton St. Bernard, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.3807 / 51°22'50"N

Longitude: -1.8536 / 1°51'12"W

OS Eastings: 410287.055438

OS Northings: 164640.683402

OS Grid: SU102646

Mapcode National: GBR 3W5.67M

Mapcode Global: VHB4B.TKGD

Entry Name: Barrow S of Wansdyke

Scheduled Date: 8 November 1963

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004737

English Heritage Legacy ID: WI 626

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Stanton St. Bernard

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Summary

Disc barrow 1145m north-east of Hill Barn.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 24 September 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes a disc barrow situated on the upper north facing slopes of a prominent, wide, plateau-like ridge and immediately south of part of the Wansdyke. The barrow survives as a central circular mound of 10m in diameter and 1m high, surrounded by a 6m wide berm, with a 4.2m wide and 0.3m deep ditch and an outer bank of up to 4.5m wide and 0.7m high which is preserved differentially. To the south the ditch and outer bank are preserved as buried features, and to the north the ditch and bank have been cut by a track, whilst all the remaining features are clear and intact earthworks.

Further archaeological remains in the immediate vicinity are scheduled separately.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Disc barrows, the most fragile type of round barrow, are funerary monuments of the Early Bronze Age, with most examples dating to the period 1400-1200 BC. They occur either in isolation or in barrow cemeteries (closely-spaced groups of round barrows). Disc barrows were constructed as a circular or oval area of level ground defined by a bank and internal ditch and containing one or more centrally or eccentrically located small, low mounds covering burials, usually in pits. The burials, normally cremations, are frequently accompanied by pottery vessels, tools and personal ornaments. It has been suggested that disc barrows were normally used for the burial of women, although this remains unproven. However, it is likely that the individuals buried were of high status. Disc barrows are rare nationally, with about 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides important evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst prehistoric communities over a wide area of southern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare and fragile form of round barrow, all identified disc barrows would normally be considered to be of importance. Despite limited reduction in the height of the earthworks through cultivation or the establishment of a track the disc barrow 1145m north east of Hill Barn survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape 221091
Wiltshire HER SU16SW617

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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