Ancient Monuments

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Castle Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Hayton, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.9128 / 54°54'46"N

Longitude: -2.7707 / 2°46'14"W

OS Eastings: 350686.728426

OS Northings: 557838.298439

OS Grid: NY506578

Mapcode National: GBR 9C2M.YP

Mapcode Global: WH7ZZ.DSV4

Entry Name: Castle Hill

Scheduled Date: 17 March 1966

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004591

English Heritage Legacy ID: CU 347

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Hayton

Built-Up Area: Hayton

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Hayton St Mary Magdalene

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Summary

Castle Hill.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 24 March 2016.This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes the remains of a ringwork of medieval date, situated on a broad ridge. The monument has been created by scarping of a slight natural hillock to both enhance the mound and to create the ringwork or circular bank with a dished interior.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Ringworks are medieval fortifications built and occupied from the late Anglo-Saxon period to the later 12th century. They comprised a small defended area containing buildings which was surrounded or partly surrounded by a substantial ditch and a bank surmounted by a timber palisade or, rarely, a stone wall. Occasionally a more lightly defended embanked enclosure, the bailey, adjoined the ringwork. Ringworks acted as strongholds for military operations and in some cases as defended aristocratic or manorial settlements. They are rare nationally with only 200 recorded examples and less than 60 with baileys. As such, and as one of a limited number and very restricted range of Anglo-Saxon and Norman fortifications, ringworks are of particular significance to our understanding of the period.

Castle Hill is reasonably well-preserved as an earthwork and is representative of its period. The monument will contain archaeological deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment and environmental deposits relating to the use of the surrounding landscape. The monument provides insight into the character of fortification during the earlier medieval period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 12526

Source: Historic England

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