Ancient Monuments

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Camp in East Kidland Wood

A Scheduled Monument in Knowstone, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9955 / 50°59'43"N

Longitude: -3.699 / 3°41'56"W

OS Eastings: 280863.149193

OS Northings: 123162.878287

OS Grid: SS808231

Mapcode National: GBR L7.KDR0

Mapcode Global: FRA 364H.2Q9

Entry Name: Camp in East Kidland Wood

Scheduled Date: 8 August 1961

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004588

English Heritage Legacy ID: DV 473

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Knowstone

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Knowstone St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Summary

Iron Age defended settlement 330m west of Knowstone Mill in East Kidland Wood.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 5 November 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes an Iron Age defended settlement situated on the southern slope of the Crooked Oak Valley. The defended settlement survives as an oval enclosure measuring up to 70m long by 40m wide internally, defined by a rampart and partially buried outer ditch. There is a simple gap entrance on the east side.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

During the Iron Age a variety of different types of settlement were constructed and occupied in south western England. At the top of the settlement hierarchy were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a group of smaller sites, known as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others in less prominent positions. They are generally smaller than the hillforts, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction. At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. In contrast to the hillfort sites, these would have been occupied by small communities, perhaps no more than a single family group. Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the settlement pattern, particularly in the upland areas of south western England, and are integral to any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period.

The Iron Age defended settlement 330m west of Knowstone Mill survives well and will contain important archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, use and landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 35683

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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