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Two bowl barrows 190m east of Zacry's Islands

A Scheduled Monument in Newquay, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.4334 / 50°26'0"N

Longitude: -5.0516 / 5°3'5"W

OS Eastings: 183379.399172

OS Northings: 63735.537854

OS Grid: SW833637

Mapcode National: GBR ZF.KVL4

Mapcode Global: FRA 079X.3T1

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 190m east of Zacry's Islands

Scheduled Date: 13 April 1955

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004461

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 402

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Newquay

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Columb Minor and Colan

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas, includes two bowl barrows situated close to the edge of a prominent coastal cliff, overlooking the southern part of Watergate Bay. The south western barrow survives as a circular mound measuring approximately 18m in diameter and 2.4m high with the concrete base of a triangulation pillar at its summit. This barrow was excavated by Borlase in 1872 and shown to be a mound of burnt earth below which was a slate lined cist with a large coverstone which contained an inhumation, although the bones were badly decomposed and the position of the body could not be determined. The north eastern barrow survives as a circular mound measuring approximately 22.9m in diameter and 3.6m high. It has a large central excavation hollow at the summit. Also excavated by Borlase, the barrow was found to be composed of stones and yellow clay which contained a secondary burial of cremated bone, beneath this was a further cairn sealing a stone lined cist beneath a coverstone containing an inhumation with a Bronze Age axe by the knees.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-429334

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Although a good deal is already known about the two bowl barrows 190m east of Zacry's Islands, they will contain further archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronology, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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