Ancient Monuments

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Three bowl barrows 700m east of Taylor's Cross

A Scheduled Monument in Kilkhampton, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8863 / 50°53'10"N

Longitude: -4.4652 / 4°27'54"W

OS Eastings: 226697.874605

OS Northings: 112542.457664

OS Grid: SS266125

Mapcode National: GBR K5.SJN7

Mapcode Global: FRA 16JR.Q7X

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows 700m east of Taylor's Cross

Scheduled Date: 13 February 1958

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004403

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 470

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Kilkhampton

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Kilkhampton

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument, which falls into three areas of protection, includes three bowl barrows, situated on a ridge overlooking the Lamberal Water and the Upper Tamar Lake. The barrows survive as circular mounds surrounded by buried quarry ditches, from which the construction material was derived. They are aligned in an east to west linear arrangement. The western barrow mound measures up to 20m in diameter and 0.5m high. The central mound is approximately 26m in diameter and 0.8m high. The eastern mound stands up to 24m in diameter and 0.9m high.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-32165

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite reduction in the heights of the mounds through past cultivation, the three bowl barrows 700m east of Taylor's Cross survive well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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