Ancient Monuments

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Three round cairns at The Warren on Pentire Point East

A Scheduled Monument in Newquay, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.4116 / 50°24'41"N

Longitude: -5.118 / 5°7'4"W

OS Eastings: 178562.646519

OS Northings: 61503.83549

OS Grid: SW785615

Mapcode National: GBR Z9.N2RZ

Mapcode Global: FRA 075Y.V70

Entry Name: Three round cairns at The Warren on Pentire Point East

Scheduled Date: 30 May 1958

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004392

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 521

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Newquay

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Newquay

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument, which falls into three areas of protection, includes three round cairns situated on the coastal headland dividing Fistral Bay from Crantock Beach. The cairns are arranged in a west to east linear alignment and survive as circular stony mounds, two with retaining kerbs. The westernmost is on the tip of the headland and has an outer retaining stone kerb measuring up to11.4m in diameter; an inner cairn of up to 0.8m high; and a possible stone-lined cist to the north east defined by three large slabs of slate. A concrete platform, bench and the base of a signpost have been erected on the mound and are excluded from the monument although the ground beneath these features is included. The central cairn mound has an outer retaining kerb and measures up to 12m in diameter and 1m high. On the centre of the mound a bench has been erected, and there is the base of a signpost on the east side by the kerb. These features are also excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath them is included. The eastern cairn mound measures up to 23m in diameter and 1.5m high.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-428409, 428412 and 873813

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite the erection of benches and signs, the three round cairns at The Warren on Pentire Point East survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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