Ancient Monuments

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Round 550m east of Stowe Barton

A Scheduled Monument in Kilkhampton, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.875 / 50°52'29"N

Longitude: -4.5297 / 4°31'46"W

OS Eastings: 222116.256797

OS Northings: 111433.290791

OS Grid: SS221114

Mapcode National: GBR K3.T0BY

Mapcode Global: FRA 16DS.H40

Entry Name: Round 550m east of Stowe Barton

Scheduled Date: 27 February 1959

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004381

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 570

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Kilkhampton

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Kilkhampton

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a round, situated on a spur of high ground above the southern slopes of the steep-sided Coombe Valley. The round survives as a slight rampart bank with a largely buried outer ditch defining a roughly circular area with a diameter of 45m. The outer edge of the enclosure is defined by a steep scarp of up to 1.7m high above a ditch which is from 3m to 6m wide. There are possible causewayed entrances to the north and south.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-32226

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall, where many more examples may await discovery. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England.

Despite former afforestation, the round 550m east of Stowe Barton survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, abandonment, function, agricultural practices, trade, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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