Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 315m ESE of Leech Pool, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs

A Scheduled Monument in Mawgan-in-Meneage, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.0447 / 50°2'41"N

Longitude: -5.183 / 5°10'58"W

OS Eastings: 172202.4253

OS Northings: 20921.90617

OS Grid: SW722209

Mapcode National: GBR Z6.F9MB

Mapcode Global: FRA 081W.LM2

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 315m ESE of Leech Pool, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs

Scheduled Date: 1 June 1962

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004365

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 607

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Mawgan-in-Meneage

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Cury with Gunwalloe

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated on the high plateau called Goonhilly Downs, which forms part of a dispersed and extensive round barrow cemetery. The barrow survives as a circular mound measuring up to 27m in diameter and 1.9m high. The surrounding quarry ditch, from which material to construct the mound was derived, is preserved as a buried feature. There is a trench across the top of the mound. The barrow was first recorded by Thomas in 1851 and recorded on the 1907 Ordnance Survey map.

Further barrows, which form part of the cemetery, are the subject of separate schedulings.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-427452

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite early partial excavation, the bowl barrow 315m ESE of Leech Pool, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs, survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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