Ancient Monuments

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Promontory fort at Lankidden

A Scheduled Monument in St. Keverne, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.0064 / 50°0'22"N

Longitude: -5.1336 / 5°8'1"W

OS Eastings: 175558.289849

OS Northings: 16505.543098

OS Grid: SW755165

Mapcode National: GBR Z9.4QMH

Mapcode Global: FRA 084Z.MTQ

Entry Name: Promontory fort at Lankidden

Scheduled Date: 8 June 1970

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004328

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 685

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Keverne

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Keverne

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a promontory fort, situated on the coastal headland of Linkidden, which terminates at Carrick Luz. The fort survives as an irregularly-shaped enclosed area, defined by steep coastal cliffs on all except the northern landward side where a single 4m high rampart with a largely buried up to 0.5m deep ditch crosses the headland and defines the fort.
The fort was first described by Thomas in 1851. It is known locally as either 'Lankidden' or 'Carrick Luz Fort'.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-426464

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Promontory forts are a type of hillfort in which conspicuous naturally defended sites are adapted as enclosures by the construction of one or more earth or stone ramparts placed across the neck of a spur in order to divide it from the surrounding land. Coastal situations, using headlands defined by steep natural cliffs, are common while inland similar topographic settings defined by natural cliffs are also used. The ramparts and accompanying ditches formed the main artificial defence, but timber palisades may have been erected along the cliff edges. Access to the interior was generally provided by an entrance through the ramparts. The interior of the fort was used intensively for settlement and related activities, and evidence for timber- and stone- walled round houses can be expected, together with the remains of buildings used for storage and enclosures for animals. Promontory forts are generally Iron Age in date, most having been constructed and used between the sixth century BC and the mid-first century AD. They are broadly contemporary with other types of hillfort. They are regarded as settlements of high status, probably occupied on a permanent basis, and recent interpretations suggest that their construction and choice of location had as much to do with display as defence. Promontory forts are rare nationally with less than 100 recorded examples. They are important for understanding the nature of social organisation in the later prehistoric period. The promontory fort at Lankidden survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, agricultural practices, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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