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Wayside cross 260m south east of Mayon Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Sennen, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.0723 / 50°4'20"N

Longitude: -5.6898 / 5°41'23"W

OS Eastings: 136079.243823

OS Northings: 25654.449598

OS Grid: SW360256

Mapcode National: GBR DXBH.8LC

Mapcode Global: VH05M.BFDX

Entry Name: Wayside cross 260m south east of Mayon Farm

Scheduled Date: 27 July 1971

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004291

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 757

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Sennen

Built-Up Area: Sennen Cove

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Sennen

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a wayside cross, situated beside a path between Sennen Green and Sennen church. The cross survives as an upstanding, earthfast decorated wheel head and shaft. The cross stands to a height of 1m. It is decorated on one face with a cross in relief the lower limb of which extends down the shaft.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-420934

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes which might have a more specifically religious function, including providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions. Wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration but several regional types have been identified. The Cornish wayside crosses form one such group. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross were carved. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ. Less common forms include the `Latin' cross, where the cross-head itself is shaped within the arms of an unenclosed cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low-relief cross on both faces. Over 400 crosses of all types are recorded in Cornwall. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval routeways, settlement patterns and the development of sculptural traditions and their survival is somewhat differential because of periods of religious turbulence during the Reformation when many were subject to damage or partial destruction by iconoclasts. The wayside cross 260m south east of Mayon Farm is still apparently marking the route to the church and survives well retaining its original decoration.

Source: Historic England

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