Ancient Monuments

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Round 205m south of Goongillings

A Scheduled Monument in Constantine, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.1095 / 50°6'34"N

Longitude: -5.1696 / 5°10'10"W

OS Eastings: 173469.159334

OS Northings: 28076.53367

OS Grid: SW734280

Mapcode National: GBR Z7.M74L

Mapcode Global: FRA 081Q.KV9

Entry Name: Round 205m south of Goongillings

Scheduled Date: 27 November 1972

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004271

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 789

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Constantine

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Constantine

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a round, situated close to the summit of a prominent spur between two estuarine tributaries of the Helford River. The round survives as an almost circular enclosure with an internal diameter of approximately 45m. It is defined by a rampart bank which is almost completely incorporated into modern field boundaries, except to the south east and the whole is surrounded by a buried outer ditch.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-427067

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. The round 205m south of Goongillings survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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