Ancient Monuments

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Round 200m north east of Burncoose

A Scheduled Monument in Mawgan-in-Meneage, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.0645 / 50°3'52"N

Longitude: -5.2213 / 5°13'16"W

OS Eastings: 169554.410263

OS Northings: 23239.749946

OS Grid: SW695232

Mapcode National: GBR Z3.R5JT

Mapcode Global: VH13B.GM1W

Entry Name: Round 200m north east of Burncoose

Scheduled Date: 8 June 1972

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004268

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 785

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Mawgan-in-Meneage

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Mawgan-in-Meneage

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a round, situated on an east-facing slope, overlooking the valley of a tributary to the Helford River on the north side of the Lizard Peninsula. The round survives as a circular platform measuring approximately 100m in diameter. It is terraced into the slope and defined by a length of extant outer rampart to the south west which is up to 2m high and partly revetted. Elsewhere the round survives as a 1.6m high terrace above a largely-buried surrounding outer ditch.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-425587

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. Despite reduction in the height of the rampart through cultivation, the round 200m north east of Burncoose will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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