Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round 600m south east of Tregolds

A Scheduled Monument in St. Issey, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.5024 / 50°30'8"N

Longitude: -4.9295 / 4°55'46"W

OS Eastings: 192353.581653

OS Northings: 71051.673779

OS Grid: SW923710

Mapcode National: GBR ZN.1JDC

Mapcode Global: FRA 07KQ.PCX

Entry Name: Round 600m south east of Tregolds

Scheduled Date: 2 April 1975

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004235

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 845

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Issey

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Issey

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a round, situated on the upper north west-facing slopes of a ridge forming the watershed between two tributaries to the River Camel close to the Camel estuary. The round survives as an oval enclosure measuring approximately 110m long by 70m wide internally. It is defined by a low perimeter bank of up to 12m wide with a largely buried outer ditch. Annexes to the south east and west are defined by broad scarps with buried outer ditches.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-431011

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. Despite reduction in the heights of the ramparts through cultivation, the round 600m south east of Tregolds survives comparatively well and is unusual because it appears to retain two additional annexes. It will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, development, the function of the annexes, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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