Ancient Monuments

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Cairn on Corndon Tor

A Scheduled Monument in Widecombe in the Moor, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5529 / 50°33'10"N

Longitude: -3.8565 / 3°51'23"W

OS Eastings: 268579.020747

OS Northings: 74221.46405

OS Grid: SX685742

Mapcode National: GBR QB.0K38

Mapcode Global: FRA 27TL.TMD

Entry Name: Cairn on Corndon Tor

Scheduled Date: 3 July 1964

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1003289

English Heritage Legacy ID: DV 530

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Widecombe in the Moor

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Leusdon St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Summary

A round cairn on Corndon Tor within the Dartmeet coaxial field system.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 5 November 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a round cairn situated on the summit of Corndon Tor within the Dartmeet coaxial field system. The round cairn survives as a circular stony mound measuring up to 27.5m in diameter and 2.5m high and incorporates some of the rocky outcrop from the tor. It has been subject to partial excavation in the 1820’s, when a group of 50 or so holiday makers and locals searched it and found ‘a pot or two’.

Further archaeological remains survive within the vicinity some are scheduled but others are not included because they have not been formally assessed.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south-western Britain.

Despite partial early excavation the round cairn on Corndon Tor within the Dartmeet coaxial field system survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological end environmental evidence relating to its construction, funerary use and landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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