Ancient Monuments

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Cross head north of Tregony Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Mabyn, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.5282 / 50°31'41"N

Longitude: -4.7246 / 4°43'28"W

OS Eastings: 206990.572

OS Northings: 73373.0342

OS Grid: SX069733

Mapcode National: GBR N2.J470

Mapcode Global: FRA 07ZN.R68

Entry Name: Cross head N of Tregony Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 November 1965

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1003096

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 630

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Mabyn

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Mabyn

Church of England Diocese: Truro


Wayside cross in the grounds of Tregony.

Source: Historic England


This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 3 December 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes a wayside cross situated in the garden of Tregony, immediately south of the house. The cross survives as a decorated wheel head on a short length of largely buried shaft. The head is decorated on both faces in relief with an equal armed cross with expanded limbs. It was found opposite the entrance to the farm in 1939 and moved to its current position. It may have originally stood at Three Turnings, some distance to the east where it marked a route and parish boundary.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes which might have a more specifically religious function, including providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions. Wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration but several regional types have been identified. The Cornish wayside crosses form one such group. The commonest type includes a round, or 'wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross were carved. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ. Less common forms include the 'Latin' cross, where the cross-head itself is shaped within the arms of an unenclosed cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low-relief cross on both faces. Over 400 crosses of all types are recorded in Cornwall. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval routeways, settlement patterns and the development of sculptural traditions and their survival is somewhat differential because of periods of religious turbulence during the Reformation when many were subject to damage or partial destruction by iconoclasts. Despite having been moved, the wayside cross in the grounds of Tregony has very clearly defined carving and is a fine example of this type of decoration.

Source: Historic England


PastScape Monument No:-431788

Source: Historic England

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