Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Heath Wood earthwork

A Scheduled Monument in Great Wishford, Wiltshire

We don't have any photos of this monument yet. Why don't you be the first to send us one?

Upload Photo »

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.


Latitude: 51.101 / 51°6'3"N

Longitude: -1.8921 / 1°53'31"W

OS Eastings: 407648.96625

OS Northings: 133525.877542

OS Grid: SU076335

Mapcode National: GBR 3ZD.VVJ

Mapcode Global: VHB5P.5L2B

Entry Name: Heath Wood earthwork

Scheduled Date: 21 March 1956

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1003001

English Heritage Legacy ID: WI 457

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Great Wishford

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Great Wishford St Giles

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


Enclosed Iron Age or Romano-British farmstead 1315m WSW of South Newton Mill.

Source: Historic England


This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 22 September 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes an enclosed Iron Age or Romano-British farmstead situated on the upper western valley side of the River Wylye overlooking a small projection called Heath Hill and a dry valley called Custom Bottom. The enclosed farmstead survives as an oval enclosure measuring approximately 0.7ha defined by a 4m wide and up to 0.6m high bank with a 3m wide and up to 0.3m deep outer ditch. There is a probable entrance on the eastern side.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Cranborne Chase is an area of chalkland well known for its high number, density and diversity of archaeological remains. These include a rare combination of Neolithic and Early Bronze Age sites, comprising one of the largest concentrations of burial monuments in England, the largest known cursus (a linear ritual monument) and a significant number and range of henge monuments (Late Neolithic ceremonial centres). Other important remains include a variety of enclosures, settlements, field systems and linear boundaries which date throughout prehistory and into the Romano-British and medieval periods. This high level of survival of archaeological remains is due largely to the later history of the Chase. Cranborne Chase formed a Royal Hunting Ground from at least Norman times, and much of the archaeological survival within the area resulted from associated laws controlling land-use which applied until 1830. The unique archaeological character of the Chase has attracted much attention over the years, notably during the later 19th century, by the pioneering work on the Chase of General Pitt-Rivers, Sir Richard Colt Hoare and Edward Cunnington, often regarded as the fathers of British archaeology. Archaeological investigations have continued throughout the 20th century and to the present day. Later Iron Age and Romano-British occupation occurred widely across Cranborne Chase and included a range of settlement types. The surviving remains comprise farmsteads, hamlets, villages and hillforts, which together demonstrate an important sequence of settlement. The non-defensive enclosed farm or homestead represents the smallest and simplest of these types. There are over 50 recorded examples within the area which are thought to date to this later Iron Age and Romano-British period. Most early examples are characterised by a curvilinear enclosure with round buildings, although these are sometimes superseded by rectilinear or triangular shaped enclosures with rectilinear buildings. On Cranborne Chase, many examples were occupied over an extended period and some grew in size and complexity. The enclosed Iron Age or Romano-British farmstead 1315m WSW of South Newton Mill survives well managed as a clearing in woodland and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, development, longevity, agricultural practices, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England


PastScape 214637; Wiltshire HER SU03SE621

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself. is a Good Stuff website.