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Roman building 600yds (549m) south west of Lower Sutton Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Castle Cary, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0977 / 51°5'51"N

Longitude: -2.5472 / 2°32'49"W

OS Eastings: 361781.73701

OS Northings: 133292.240721

OS Grid: ST617332

Mapcode National: GBR MS.C4GZ

Mapcode Global: FRA 56K7.1HM

Entry Name: Roman building 600yds (549m) SW of Lower Sutton Farm

Scheduled Date: 1 August 1974

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1002956

English Heritage Legacy ID: SO 391

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Castle Cary

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Summary

Minor Romano British villa 245m north of Clanville Manor.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 20 August 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes a minor Romano British villa situated on very gently sloping and relatively low lying terrace on the northern bank of the River Brue. The villa was discovered during drainage works and survives as entirely buried features, layers and deposits with no visible earthworks. Some partial foundations associated with 1st century pottery including New Forest ware and further 3rd to 4th century pottery finds were made during the drainage works. A small excavation in the 1970’s yielded further pottery and a concentration of building stone and tile. Aerial photographs taken during the severe drought of 1976 revealed extensive enclosures and other structures associated with the villa.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Romano-British villas were extensive rural estates with groups of domestic, agricultural and occasionally industrial buildings at the focus. The term "villa" is now commonly used to describe either the estate or the buildings themselves. The buildings usually include a well-appointed dwelling house, the design of which varies considerably according to the needs, taste and prosperity of the occupier. Most of the houses were partly or wholly stone-built, many with a timber-framed superstructure on masonry footings. Roofs were generally tiled and the house could feature tiled or mosaic floors, under-floor heating, wall plaster, glazed windows and cellars. Many had integral or separate suites of heated baths. The house was usually accompanied by a range of buildings providing accommodation for farm labourers, workshops and storage for agricultural produce. These were arranged around or alongside a courtyard and were surrounded by a complex of paddocks, pens, yards and features such as vegetable plots, granaries, threshing floors, wells and hearths, all approached by tracks leading from the surrounding fields. Villa buildings were constructed throughout the period of Roman occupation, from the first to the fourth centuries AD. They are usually complex structures occupied over several hundred years and continually remodelled to fit changing circumstances. They could serve a wide variety of uses alongside agricultural activities, including administrative, recreational and craft functions, and this is reflected in the considerable diversity in their plan. The least elaborate villas served as simple farmhouses whilst, for the most complex, the term "palace" is not inappropriate. Villa owners tended to be drawn from a limited elite section of Romano-British society. Although some villas belonged to immigrant Roman officials or entrepreneurs, the majority seem to have been in the hands of wealthy natives with a more-or-less Romanised lifestyle, and some were built directly on the sites of Iron Age farmsteads. Roman villa buildings are widespread, with between 400 and 1000 examples recorded nationally. The majority of these are classified as `minor' villas. Minor villas are found throughout lowland Britain and occasionally beyond. Roman villas provide a valuable index of the rate, extent and degree to which native British society became Romanised, as well as indicating the sources of inspiration behind changes of taste and custom. In addition, they serve to illustrate the agrarian and economic history of the Roman province, allowing comparisons over wide areas both within and beyond Britain. The minor Romano British villa 245m north of Clanville Manor will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, development, longevity, social, political and economic significance, agricultural practices, trade, industrial activity, domestic arrangements, abandonment and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-200162

Source: Historic England

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