Ancient Monuments

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Two hut circles south of Catstor Down

A Scheduled Monument in Meavy, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.4706 / 50°28'14"N

Longitude: -4.0559 / 4°3'21"W

OS Eastings: 254198.599051

OS Northings: 65436.693207

OS Grid: SX541654

Mapcode National: GBR Q0.MVBF

Mapcode Global: FRA 27DT.7P4

Entry Name: Two hut circles S of Catstor Down

Scheduled Date: 18 March 1965

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1002548

English Heritage Legacy ID: DV 561

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Meavy

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Summary

Part of a stone hut circle settlement within a coaxial field system on Wigford Down, 600m south west of Durance.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 5 November 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument, which falls into two separate areas of protection, includes part of a stone hut circle settlement within a coaxial field system situated on the lower northern slopes of Wigford Down in the upper valley of a tributary to the River Meavy. The two stone hut circles are defined by low rubble walls measuring up to 2m wide and 0.5m high, which surround an internal circular area of up to 9m in diameter.

Further archaeological remains survive within the vicinity of the monument, some are scheduled, but others are not currently protected and these are not included within the scheduling because they have not been formally assessed.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.

The part of a stone hut circle settlement within a coaxial field system on Wigford Down 600m south west of Durance survives comparatively well and will contain environmental and archaeological evidence relating to its construction, development, use and context within an agricultural setting and as part of a larger settlement pattern within the coaxial field system.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1994)
Other
PastScape Monument No:-439071

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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