Ancient Monuments

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Earthwork east of Buck's Mills

A Scheduled Monument in Parkham, Devon

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Latitude: 50.9874 / 50°59'14"N

Longitude: -4.3395 / 4°20'22"W

OS Eastings: 235895.968883

OS Northings: 123489.81838

OS Grid: SS358234

Mapcode National: GBR KC.L0HW

Mapcode Global: FRA 16SH.R77

Entry Name: Earthwork E of Buck's Mills

Scheduled Date: 12 January 1961

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1002527

English Heritage Legacy ID: DV 448

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Parkham

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Bucks Mills St Anne

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


Iron Age defended settlement 170m north of Woodpeckers Halt.

Source: Historic England


This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 4 November 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a defended settlement on a prominent coastal cliff top location overlooking Gauter Point. The defended settlement survives as an enclosure measuring up to 110m long by 50m wide internally, defined by a single bank. To the east it has two right angled corners, but the enclosure narrows to the west. The northern side is defined by a 3m high natural steep scarp slope. The bank is up to 1.7m high externally. The western end had been partially disturbed by quarrying.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

During the Iron Age a variety of different types of settlement were constructed and occupied in south western England. At the top of the settlement hierarchy were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a group of smaller sites, known as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others in less prominent positions. They are generally smaller than the hillforts, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction. At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Where excavated, evidence of stone- or timber-built houses has been found within the enclosures, which, in contrast to the hillfort sites, would have been occupied by small communities, perhaps no more than a single family group.

Defended settlements were an important element of the settlement pattern, particularly in south western England, and are integral to any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. Despite the reduction in the height of the western bank through quarrying and some cultivation of the eastern side of the interior, the defended settlement north east of Buck’s Mills survives comparatively well and it will contain important archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, use and landscape context.

Source: Historic England


PastScape Monument No:- 32644

Source: Historic England

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