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Deserted medieval village at West Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Winterborne Whitechurch, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7953 / 50°47'43"N

Longitude: -2.23 / 2°13'47"W

OS Eastings: 383888.409271

OS Northings: 99553.529791

OS Grid: SY838995

Mapcode National: GBR 205.11D

Mapcode Global: FRA 666Z.R24

Entry Name: Deserted medieval village at West Farm

Scheduled Date: 1 June 1979

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1002378

English Heritage Legacy ID: DO 841

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterborne Whitechurch

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Winterborne Whitechurch St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Summary

Part of a deserted medieval village at Lower Street, immediately south of Lower Whitchurch Farm.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 18 February 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes part of a deserted medieval village situated on a gentle north east facing slope immediately surrounding the source of the River Winterborne. The settlement survives as a series of house platforms, banks, scarps and a section of hollow way and includes a dry embanked fishpond.

Further archaeological remains survive in the vicinity, some are scheduled separately but others are not included because they have not been formally assessed.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The village, comprising a small group of houses, gardens, yards, streets, paddocks, often with a green, a manor and a church, and with a community devoted primarily to agriculture, was a significant component of the rural landscape in most areas of medieval England, much as it is today. Villages provided some services to the local community and acted as the main focal point of ecclesiastical, and often of manorial, administration within each parish. Although the sites of many of these villages have been occupied continuously down to the present day, many others declined in size or were abandoned throughout the medieval and post-medieval periods, particularly during the 14th and 15th centuries. As a result over 2000 deserted medieval villages are recorded nationally. The reasons for desertion were varied but often reflected declining economic viability, changes in land use such as enclosure or emparkment, or population fluctuations as a result of widespread epidemics such as the Black Death. As a consequence of their abandonment these villages are frequently undisturbed by later occupation and contain well-preserved archaeological deposits. Because they are a common and long-lived monument type in most parts of England, they provide important information on the diversity of medieval settlement patterns and farming economy between the regions and through time. The part of a deserted medieval village at Lower Street, immediately south of Lower Whitchurch Farm survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, development, social organisation, layout, trade, agricultural practices, domestic arrangements, abandonment and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape 456037

Source: Historic England

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