Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow south of Ditchling Beacon

A Scheduled Monument in Westmeston, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8964 / 50°53'47"N

Longitude: -0.1098 / 0°6'35"W

OS Eastings: 533025.31422

OS Northings: 112473.650388

OS Grid: TQ330124

Mapcode National: GBR KPJ.P2Z

Mapcode Global: FRA B6NQ.WK2

Entry Name: Round barrow S of Ditchling Beacon

Scheduled Date: 7 September 1967

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1002254

English Heritage Legacy ID: ES 285

County: East Sussex

Civil Parish: Westmeston

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Ditchling, Streat and Westmeston

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Summary

Bowl barrow south of Ditchling Beacon, 868m north of High Park Farmhouse.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 3 March 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a ridge of chalk downland overlooking North Bottom on the South Downs, north of Brighton. The monument has been levelled by ploughing and survives as a buried archaeological feature. In 1983 the barrow had a roughly circular-shaped mound at least 0.9m high. This is now visible as a soil mark about 18m in diameter. It will also have included a surrounding quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived, which will survive as a buried feature.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.

Although it has been levelled by ploughing, the bowl barrow south of Ditchling Beacon survives as a buried feature containing archaeological information and environmental evidence relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
East Sussex HER MES1291. NMR TQ31SW18. PastScape 403070

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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