Ancient Monuments

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Aston Tump

A Scheduled Monument in Pipe Aston, Herefordshire,

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.3425 / 52°20'33"N

Longitude: -2.7913 / 2°47'28"W

OS Eastings: 346190.6537

OS Northings: 271901.113968

OS Grid: SO461719

Mapcode National: GBR BG.TKJ6

Mapcode Global: VH76T.KDQ1

Entry Name: Aston Tump

Scheduled Date: 30 September 1935

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1001753

English Heritage Legacy ID: HE 79

County: Herefordshire,

Civil Parish: Pipe Aston

Traditional County: Herefordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Herefordshire

Church of England Parish: Wigmore Abbey

Church of England Diocese: Hereford

Summary

Motte castle 120m east of Pipe Aston Farm.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 19 May 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes a motte castle situated in the upper part of a wide valley of a tributary to Allcock’s Brook surrounded by a meander of the watercourse which feeds the wet ditch. The motte survives as a circular flat topped mound measuring up to 44m in diameter and 6m high surrounded by a wet ditch of up to 11m wide and 1.5m deep. The stream feeds into the ditch in the north east and exits at the south west which makes the whole moat somewhat marshy. It is known locally as ‘Aston Tump’. The motte has traces of a polygonal shell keep and a small D-shaped tower on its summit. The castle was built between 1138-9.

Further archaeological remains in the vicinity are not included in the scheduling because they have not been formally assessed.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Motte castles are medieval fortifications introduced into Britain by the Normans. They comprised a large conical mound of earth or rubble, the motte, surmounted by a palisade and a stone or timber tower. In a majority of examples an embanked enclosure containing additional buildings, the bailey, adjoined the motte. Motte castles and motte-and-bai1ey castles acted as garrison forts during offensive military operations, as strongholds, and, in many cases, as aristocratic residences and as centres of local or royal administration. Built in towns, villages and open countryside, motte castles generally occupied strategic positions dominating their immediate locality and, as a result, are the most visually impressive monuments of the early post-Conquest period surviving in the modern landscape. Over 600 motte castles and motte-and-bailey castles are recorded nationally, with examples known from most regions. Some 100-150 examples do not have baileys and are classified as motte castles. As one of a restricted range of recognised early post-Conquest monuments, they are particularly important for the study of Norman Britain and the development of the feudal system. Although many were occupied for only a short period of time, motte castles continued to be built and occupied from the 11th to the 13th centuries, after which they were superseded by other types of castle.

The motte castle 120m east of Pipe Aston Farm survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, social, political and strategic significance, domestic arrangements, longevity and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape 108758, Herefordshire SMR 313

Source: Historic England

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