Ancient Monuments

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Crail Airfield, pillbox 900m north west of Constantine's Cave

A Scheduled Monument in East Neuk and Landward, Fife

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Latitude: 56.2871 / 56°17'13"N

Longitude: -2.6063 / 2°36'22"W

OS Eastings: 362561

OS Northings: 710680

OS Grid: NO625106

Mapcode National: GBR 2Z.7VT1

Mapcode Global: WH8TL.Y71L

Entry Name: Crail Airfield, pillbox 900m NW of Constantine's Cave

Scheduled Date: 30 September 1996

Last Amended: 13 December 1997

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6462

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: 20th Century Military and Related: Pillbox

Location: Crail

County: Fife

Electoral Ward: East Neuk and Landward

Traditional County: Fife


The monument comprises a pillbox of Second World War date, one of a group of defensive structures associated with the former military airfield at Crail. The airfield is recognised as being one of the best preserved abandoned military airfield sites in Scotland, built in 1918 but with surviving structures and runways dating from the Second World War.

The pillbox, which lies adjacent to the coastal path on the N edge of Balcomie Golf Links some 1200m N of Crail Airfield, consists of a subterranean concrete cylinder approximately 2.5m in diameter topped by a steel dome, the latter showing signs of rust. Only the steel dome is visible above ground.

The monument was first scheduled in 1996 but the subterranean nature of the structure was ommitted from the description, making it difficult to identify the monument on the ground. The present rescheduling rectifies this omission.

The area to be scheduled is circular, centred on the centre of the pillbox, and measures 15m in diameter to include the visible and subterranean remains and an area around them within which traces of associated activity may be expected to survive, as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance for its group value as part of the defences of the Crail Airfield complex. As such it is part of a complex which is probably the finest of its class in Scotland, and serves to illustrate in concrete form the intense effort which went into defensive construction during the earlier years of World War 2.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland


No Bibliography entries for this designation

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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