Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Burghmuir Farm,enclosures 550m south of

A Scheduled Monument in Clydesdale East, South Lanarkshire

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Latitude: 55.625 / 55°37'29"N

Longitude: -3.5115 / 3°30'41"W

OS Eastings: 304918

OS Northings: 637857

OS Grid: NT049378

Mapcode National: GBR 33XD.KF

Mapcode Global: WH5SW.1W46

Entry Name: Burghmuir Farm,enclosures 550m S of

Scheduled Date: 9 December 1992

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5492

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: enclosure (domestic or defensive)

Location: Biggar

County: South Lanarkshire

Electoral Ward: Clydesdale East

Traditional County: Lanarkshire


The monument consists of an archaeological site, probably that of a prehistoric settlement, identifiable solely from the air due to changes in the pattern of crop growth. The site is situated on the N side of Broughton Road, Biggar, 550m S of Burghmuir Farm, and is currently under pasture. No upstanding remains are visible.

Features identifiable from the air include a sub-circular ditched enclosure which measures about 45m from N to S by 35m transversely. Contiguous with this enclosure on its SW arc is a smaller, sub-square enclosure, about 12m in diameter. Adjacent to the smaller enclosure, some 5m further to the W, is a smaller circular feature about 10m in diameter.

Although none of these features have been excavated, comparison with excavated sites elsewhere suggests that they represent a settlement complex of enclosures, round-houses and associated pits, probably of prehistoric date.

The area to be scheduled includes all of these cropmarks and an area around them in which traces of activities associated with their use and construction may survive. The area measures a maximum of 125m from NE to SW by 110m transversely, as marked in red on the attached map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of the rarity of such cropmarks in this part of Scotland. The cropmarks are well-defined and have the potential to contribute to our knowledge of prehistoric settlement and social organisation in Clydesdale in particular and lowland Scotland in general.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NT 03 NW 36.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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