Ancient Monuments

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Cotton of Balcathie, unenclosed settlement 550m WSW of

A Scheduled Monument in Arbroath West, Letham and Friockheim, Angus

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Coordinates

Latitude: 56.5399 / 56°32'23"N

Longitude: -2.6471 / 2°38'49"W

OS Eastings: 360304

OS Northings: 738839

OS Grid: NO603388

Mapcode National: GBR VT.GTDN

Mapcode Global: WH8S7.9WQB

Entry Name: Cotton of Balcathie, unenclosed settlement 550m WSW of

Scheduled Date: 23 February 1998

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM7071

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement

Location: Arbirlot

County: Angus

Electoral Ward: Arbroath West, Letham and Friockheim

Traditional County: Angus

Description

The monument comprises an unenclosed settlement of prehistoric date, visible as a series of cropmarks on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies on level ground in arable farmland at around 20m OD. It comprises a dark disc-shaped cropmark measuring about 15m in diameter, and, immediately to the W, a ring-ditch measuring about 12m in diameter. There appears to be a short linear cropmark extending from the W side of the disc, which may represent the remains of a souterrain.

The ring-ditch and disc-shaped cropmark represent the remains of timber roundhouses characteristic of settlement during the Iron Age. Souterrains are semi-subterranean structures generally regarded as having been used for storage in the later prehistoric period and are generally found in association with the remains of above-ground structures.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is circular with a diameter of 65m, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and economy. Its importance is increased by its proximity to other monuments of potentially contemporary date.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NO 63 NW 6.

Aerial Photographs used:

RCAHMS (1983) AN/6789 NO63NW5, 6.

RCAHMS (1983) AN/7023 NO63NW6.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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