Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Knowhead, souterrains 600m west of

A Scheduled Monument in Monifieth and Sidlaw, Angus

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Latitude: 56.5314 / 56°31'52"N

Longitude: -3.0848 / 3°5'5"W

OS Eastings: 333371

OS Northings: 738233

OS Grid: NO333382

Mapcode National: GBR VH.2FCK

Mapcode Global: WH6PY.L379

Entry Name: Knowhead, souterrains 600m W of

Scheduled Date: 6 March 1997

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6628

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: souterrain, earth-house

Location: Auchterhouse

County: Angus

Electoral Ward: Monifieth and Sidlaw

Traditional County: Angus


The monument comprises the remains of two souterrains of later prehistoric date represented by cropmarks visible on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies in arable farmland at around 180m OD. It comprises an exceptionally well-defined souterrain approximately 25m long and about 5m wide, aligned N-S. The stone side-walls of this souterrain show as a distinct parch-mark in the crop.

Close by to the NE is a dense, dark cropmark some 4m in diameter, possibly the remains of an associated above-ground structure. Some 50m further to the NE is second souterrain some 15m long and about 3m wide, aligned NW-SE. A further group of souterrains lies in an adjacent field, and is proposed for scheduling separately.

Souterrains were semi-underground cellars attached to above-ground settlements during the Iron Age. They are generally thought to have been used for storage.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the two souterrains and an area around them in which traces of associated activity may be expected to survive. It is rectangular with maximum dimensions of 120m NE-SW by 60m as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and economy. Its importance is enhanced by its proximity to potentially contemporary sites.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NO 33 NW 19.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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