Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Leyston, unenclosed settlement ENE of

A Scheduled Monument in Strathmore, Perth and Kinross

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Latitude: 56.5275 / 56°31'39"N

Longitude: -3.3231 / 3°19'23"W

OS Eastings: 318708

OS Northings: 738060

OS Grid: NO187380

Mapcode National: GBR V8.YRZG

Mapcode Global: WH6PT.X6R8

Entry Name: Leyston, unenclosed settlement ENE of

Scheduled Date: 1 February 1999

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6948

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement

Location: Cargill

County: Perth and Kinross

Electoral Ward: Strathmore

Traditional County: Perthshire


The monument comprises an unenclosed settlement of prehistoric date, visible as a series of cropmarks on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies in arable farmland at around 65m OD. It comprises a ring-ditch, measuring about 20m in internal diameter, with a souterrain emerging from a broad gap in its W side. There is another potential souterrain situated to the SE, and several other cropmarks in the vicinity appear to represent the remains of further structures.

Ring-ditches such as this have been found on excavation to represent the remains of prehistoric timber roundhouses, while souterrains are semi-subterranean, passage-like structures, generally regarded as having been used for storage in later prehistory.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the cropmarks and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is irregular in shape with maximum dimensions of 120m between its N and S-most points, and 135m between its E and W-most points, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and economy.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NO 13 NE 59.

Aerial Photographs used:

RCAHMS (1989) PT11031/TR NO13NE59.

CUCAP (1968) A35189 NO13NE59.

CUCAP (1968) A35190 NO13NE59.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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